From an open outcry system to automated order processing, stock markets have transformed in a huge way over the years. Evolution essentially means synchronising with the times that are. And there is no better example of that than the Indian stock markets.
A very recent phenomenon that has put stock brokers into business once again is the low-cost discount broking model. The markets are increasingly shifting towards this model thanks to a cost conscious, click-and-tap happy clientele that they are servicing. In fact, a bulk of the trades, especially post demonetisation have shifted to the discount broking platforms.
Existing and new entrants in the discount broking arena have found their business improve over the past six months. Among the most popular in this area are Bengaluru based Zerodha and Mumbai-based Master Capital Services and RKSV. These firms have been pioneers in discount broking and have managed to capture a good share of the market.
Zerodha reportedly has around 60% of the market share and is the largest among the lot. As of January 2017, the company contributed up to 5% of retail trading volumes on Indian stock exchanges, generating daily trading turnover crossing $2bn. It handles a client base of 200,000+ customers, and an average daily turnovers of Rs 10,000 – 12,000 crores in equities and Rs: 1,000 crores in commodities.
Mumbai-based RKSV is another leading online brokers that offers trading in cash, F&O, commodities and currencies. The company has clocked a daily turnover of over Rs 6,000 crore and is a very close competitor worth naming in this segment. RKSV recently unveiled Upstox, its trading platform, which provides universal search on instruments, hyper fast streaming quotes, simplified order entries and other features.
But things are rapidly changing. Traditional brokerages have recognised the importance of this segment and have either independently floated arms or have begun to provide discount broking services through their existing outfits.
Take for example 5paisa.com. The firm which entered into the business in September last year, already has a turnover of close to Rs 1,000 crore a day across all segments in the equity market. This was primarily driven by the lowest cost offered by the platform to investors. It serves customers at almost half the price offered by existing discount brokers.
5paisa comes from the Indiainfoline stable. The demerger of this company took place in September 2016 and it will be listing in June 2017. The swap ratio for the demerger has been fixed at 25 shares of 5paisa Capital Ltd for every share held in Indiainfoline.
While 5paisa.com has a fully digitised platform for selling various asset classes, in a very short span the company has seen a growth of close to 100% Q-o-Q both in terms of revenues and client additions. Customer acquisition has been very robust. As of now the company has a customer base of around 10,000 and which is growing at a healthy pace of 100% Q-O-Q. The flow of customers has gone up particularly after dabba trading came to a halt following demonetisation.
Asked about the prospects of the business, Prakarsh Gagnani, CEO of 5paisa.com said “business has been growing at a fairly decent pace and we are looking at adding 50,000 new customers over the next 12 months”. Aggressive growth plans have been drawn up by 5paisa.com to acquire a sizeable market share which is presently concentrated in the hands of a couple of players including Zerodha.
The company is aggressively moving towards becoming the fastest growing Digital Financial Company over the next 12 months. With its unique offering, robust platform, innovative products and strong brand it intends to become the biggest financial player in the next 3 years. It expects to cross the 1 Lac customers point this year and looking at the rate of customer acquisition that looks quite possible. Its Robo Advisory platform is also picking up well and this will help in improving and aggressively growing its Mutual Fund AUM.
Brokerage (Flat Fee)
Rs.20/- Trade & delivery FREE
Rs.20/- Trade and Advance Brokerage Options
Paper Less Account Opening
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Trading, Account Opening, Backoffice, MF, Insurance
Trading & Back office
Trading & Back office
Broking, MF and Insurance
Broking & MF
Artificial Intelligence Based for both MF and Insurance
In the US 70% of retail volume happens through discount brokers. In India discount broking has finally picked up big time, especially over the past two years. Fast evolving and easy accessibility and availability of higher bandwidth has seen growing use of the internet, especially on handheld devices like smartphones through mobile apps. This has revolutionised the way investors today are trading the markets. Add to this the beauty of lower costs and one sees why discount broking outfits have been gaining currency.
While the market for discount broking heats up, players will have to keep pace with changing technology and be well prepared for price war in this segment too. That will be the challenge for anybody in this business in the coming times.